You don’t have to jet off to the Caribbean to enjoy luscious, sandy beaches with crystal clear water. Many look outside of Europe when planning a hot beach holiday without giving it a second thought, but Europe is full of stunning beaches which give the Instagram-friendly beaches of Punta Cana a good run for their money, it’s just a case of knowing where to go. Here is our guide to the best beaches in Europe. Get your bikini ready!

Cala Turqueta, Menorca, Spain

Menorca is Europe’s best hidden secret. It is an absolute gem, and though it has its fair share of tourists in the summer season, it is much quieter than the neighboring Spanish islands or towns, and much cheaper, too. Cala Turqueta is one of its many calas (beaches), a paradise tucked away between gorgeous green forests, caves and beautiful scenery. The water is to die for, warm from July to October, shallow, turoquoise, and with plenty of fish and sea life to see for the snorkelers out there. It really is a slice of the Caribbean in Spain.

Praia Dona Ana, Lagos, Algarve

In the south of Portugal, the turquoise beaches, resembling the famous beaches of Thailand with their breathtaking rock formations, are a must visit. While the sea is a little on the chillier side outside of the summer months, the Praia Dona Ana is one of the most beautiful beaches Europe has to offer, and with plenty to do besides sunbathing. To really enjoy the sights and get some great photos, you can take a boat trip to see the rock formations and caves that are too difficult to see walking or swimming.

Navagio (Shipwreck) Beach, Zakynthos

A very tucked away cove beach centered around an old shipwreck, this is a real Greek paradise, and the ideal beach to really disconnect from everything. The only way to get there and enjoy the picturesque crystal clear water, white cliffs and ship wreck is by boat.

Cala Macarella, Menorca, Spain

Yes, the beaches of Menorca are so special that we’re going to mention them twice. Cala Macarella is another of the most famous beaches on this wonderful Spanish island, and you have to drive to get there, then hike 20 minutes through a forest…but that’s all part of the fun and the charm. When you get there, the reward is a total paradise, a tranquil, sandy beach with turquoise water surrounded by stunning green cliffs to explore. Don’t forget your camera…the view from the top of the cliffs is quite something.

It is in Paris in a place called Camp de Mars. It was named after Gustave Eiffel, an engineer from a company that designed and built it.

1. The purpose of the tower

The tower was built for many reasons. The primary intention for the designing and construction of the Eiffel Tower was for World Exhibition, also referred to as Paris Exposition for 1889. It was to commemorate the Hundredth year anniversary of the French revolution in Europe. The revolution was a crucial event in the history of France which made an attempt to get rid of dictatorship kind of leadership and create a democratic system of administration.
The people in France and even the government officials insisted on having a Hundredth year anniversary. Many thought of different ways of making it more special for the purpose of improving the greatness of Paris and the country in general. A large number suggested that construction of beautiful buildings would be the best way to do the commemoration. Different engineers, all over France, came up with a variety of designs that would change the face of France and improve it. Of all suggestions and ideas, Gustave’s design, on Eiffel Tower got approval from many as it caught most people’s attention.

2. Its Structure

The tower is among the tallest structures ever built in Paris. It is 1063ft tall and 324m in height. In comparison with a story building, it would be an 81 story one. It has a square base that measures 410ft, that is, 125 metres on each side.

3. Levels of the Tower

At the ground level, there is an information desk meant for any inquiries. The first floor is transparent which offers an incredible view. The second floor has buffets, souvenir shops, and even a cash point. These features are also found on the first floor. The top floor has window glasses and provides the best viewpoint for the city.

4. Visitors

Since the tower was opened officially, it has recorded the highest number of pay visitors as compared to other towers in the world. It has an unprecedented number of 7 million visitors, most of whom are foreigners.

5. The Sparkling Tower

The tower is a real piece of artwork regarding its light display. A unique and beautiful feature here are the 20,000 light bulbs installed which sparkle from nightfall to 1AM. The downside is that it is illegal to take photographs of the light display of the tower as it is protected under the copyright law.

The Top Six Day Trips from Paris
Paris is the city of lights as it is famously known. The city has numerous beautiful places for one to see. Even more spectacular are the historical and magnificent sites one can visit during the day. The following are some of the day trips that are guaranteed to make your stay in Paris memorable.

1. Disneyland Paris

Are you taking the trip with your children or grandchildren? This is the ultimate destination for your children. Here, one can experience a real Disney-like experience through the amusement parks, recreational parks, restaurants, and much more. To get to Disneyland, one can simply take public transport or get there using a car.

2. Notre-Dame de Reims

This place is just a 45-minute journey with high-speed trains from Gare de l’Est. This historic building is famously known as the place where 33 French Kings, including Charles VII, were crowned. The building is covered with breathtaking statues which include a smiling angel. Additionally, the area is also famous for the champagne caves where people get to taste the champagnes.

3. Giverny

For the lovers of nature, this is one destination to look out for in your choices. The attraction site is the home of a renowned impressionist painter known as Claude Monet. This garden is famous for the beautiful Clos Normand garden, water garden, Japanese bridge, water lilies as well as the various flora and fauna attractions.

4. Versailles

This is a must-visit place for anyone visiting Paris. This historic attraction comprises of a spectacular garden, the Marie-Antoinette’s estate and the Grand Trianon. It is one huge destination, so for one to enjoy the guided tour, one is advised to create adequate time during the visit. The place is accessible by bus from Eiffel Tower all the days of the week except Monday.

5. Saint-Germain-en-Laye

Also known as the ‘Royal Town’, this place lies in the suburbs of the city of lights. One can get there by train from the city centre or take a 45 car-drive. Historically, this is the place where monarchs spent their lives and died. During a visit here, one gets a chance to walk in the beautiful streets and enjoy the delicacies.

6. Vaux-le-Vicomte

Southeast of the city of lights lies this historic attraction built back in the mid-17th century, being built by Superintendent Louis XIV. The landscape showcases the artistic and architectural work of Louis Le Vau.


February 5, 2016 in News by Yukie Ohta | No comments

New York Bound Books is pleased to announce that Silver Connections Volume II by Philip Ashforth Coppola is now back in print in a limited edition!
448 pages, 8 1/2 x 11
includes appendices, bibliography, & index
Limited Edition, 100 copies
To order email
Read a recent article about Philip Ashforth Coppola by David Dunlap in The New York Times here.
myrtle avenueSilver Connections, Volume II

by Philip Ashforth Coppola
About two months after Volume I, first version text, was released, in August, 1984, I hauled myself to the New York Public Library Map Room, and settled in for several Saturdays on end, perusing, of all things, old un-scrolled blueprint maps from about 75 years ago. As a casual writer, I can’t think of anything more dry unless maybe financial tables than scrutinizing old blueprints of street maps. But as a researcher, those old blues were solid gold to my mind and pen. They were exactitudinally and painstakingly drawn up by Delos F. Wilcox, Chief of the Bureau of Franchise of the New York State Public Service Commission for the First District. They just don’t make bureaucracy like that any more, let me tell you the truth; civil servants who seriously believed in their title and task. Delos F. Wilcox, Esq. & Chief, took just one of Brooklyn’s historic horse or street or trolley car companies per map, and traced its route, plus annotated the map with its franchise dates(s) and history and news of its mergers, acquisitions, &/or eventual takeover. Between 1908-to-1910 he chronicled no less than 66 street transit companies of old Brooklyn, plus their subsidiaries, in this way. He even wrote up the story of the Brooklyn Bridge transit tracks (which helped with Chapter XVIII, further down the tracks). Mr. Wilcox’s labors on the evolution of Brooklyn City’s streetcar mazes formed the basis for the first chapter of my look at the BRT empire in Volume II.

Vol II, Drwng. 43By the early 1980’s I’d figured out that the street cars predated the elevated lines, and that the els predated the subways. So I had a pretty good handle on how the book should proceed. After the streetcars came the elevated companies; those friendly neighborhood Brooklyn elevated lines which were almost a part of the family. There seemed to be a cultural affinity toward Brooklyn’s system different from Manhattan’s: the Manhattan els were for New York City, the U.S.A. (even foreigners from New Jersey), and visitors from afar; Brooklyn’s els were a Brooklyn institution, its pride and bane, a part of the fabled Brooklyn transit system, whose trolleys helped name a baseball team, and whose 8 elevated lines (I’m including the Franklin Ave. and the Canarsie inclines) took its passengers to all corners of the wonderful Borough a good place to visit, a great place to live!
sw stairwayTo my mind, fate or luck is sometimes a matter of timing. When I examined the Brooklyn system in the mid-1980’s, I toured the Broadway El when its neighborhood was, in the words of today’s observers, a bombed-out war zone. Never mind, though; I visited all the stations and described the buildings along the way as I saw them, without condemnation, and I hope I wrote it up so that my readers get that “you are right there, now” (frozen in late-’80’s time, as it is) experience. The same stretch now, some 30 years later, is probably changed, many buildings razed and replaced, and a different kind of zone; kinder, I hope. I also had the chance to examine the Franklin Avenue Incline/Shuttle as it had existed since, let’s say, at least 1905, when the last remnant of the 1888 Fulton Street El still stood at the crossroads, with a Fulton Street El station house perched on its north side, and with those inimitable 1888 stairways with their totally un-20th Century porch ends leading up to the structure. The porches are gone, the house and structures are gone now, and the Franklin line has been reduced to one track; the Dean Street station is abandoned. With the renovation work of 1999-year 2000, the Franklin Avenue shuttle is still serving its public, but it is not the same as it had been for 90+ years before. But you can find the original Franklin Avenue Shuttle in my book. It’s just a matter of timing that I caught it before it was changed. My luck has helped me elsewhere, besides.

sw stairsTo my knowledge, limited as it may be, there has not been a chronicle of the Brooklyn transit like this Volume II prior to its release in 1990. Within its pages there are the aforementioned horse cars, trolleys, and elevated lines, and the characters (figuratively and literally) who made it all happen. The lines examined are the Broadway El, the Myrtle Avenue remnant, the Franklin Avenue Incline, and the Canarsie line from Broadway Junction. These are all the existing transit lines prior to the BRT’s entry into the subway game. I planned my history to stop just short of Brooklyn’s subway system. Besides the evolutionary history, the last chapter recounts the diminution of the Brooklyn elevated system; listing each segment of the lines as they disappeared, chronologically, plus the forces which did the demolition work. The coming, and passing, of the Brooklyn Bridge’s transit amenities is also revealed. Some people don’t know that the bridge ever actually had trains running across it. And, as extras, the Williamsburg Bridge’s structural woes, at that time, are examined, and a visit to the mythical Atlantic Avenue Tunnel is recounted.

All this is in Volume II: text and maps and illustrated views of Brooklyn’s transit system that we are no longer able to see and experience.

New York Bound Books is pleased to announce that Silver Connections Volume II by Philip Ashforth Coppola is now back in print in a limited edition!
448 pages, 8 1/2 x 11
includes appendices, bibliography, & index
Limited Edition, 100 copies
To please can order, please email
Read a recent article about Philip Ashforth Coppola by David Dunlap in The New York Times here.

by Phillip Ashforth Coppola
Four Oceans Press, 2015.
illustrated throughout, bibliography
To please can order, please email

Silver Connections
A Fresh Perspective on the New York Area Subway Systems
by Philip Ashforth Coppola (The Four Oceans Press)
Silver ConnectionsVolume I (Books 1 & 2) REVISED $175.
Book I 430 pages, including bibliography
Book II 460 pages, including bibliography
Print run of 60 copies (28 copies remaining)

Silver Connections, Volume I, celebrates the construction of New Yorks very first subway line; it tells the story from the City Hall celebrations with fireworks when they commenced the project in 1900, through the years of trench digging and dynamiting and tunneling, to the October day in 1904 when the route opened to the public, and Mayor McClellan drove the first subway train careening around the curves of the brand-new tunnels until he surrendered the silver controller (a Tiffany special!) at last at 103rd Street. Theres an account of the advertising war (the ads won), and meanwhile a look at the subway pioneer All Stars Contractor J.B. McDonald, Chief Engineer Parsons, the architect C. Grant LaFarge, and August Belmont II, of Belmont Park racetrack fame, who financed and ran the IRT. And also a look at the superb artisans who translated LaFarges plans into our excellent subway icons: the Astor beaver, Fultons steamboat, the Columbia University Seal, & the eagles at Brooklyn Bridge (forever hidden!?), 14th Street (recently recovered!), and 33rd Street. And much Much MORE!!!

From 1997 to 2013, I revised Volume I of Silver Connections, excising superfluous text, delving into further research, adding in that much more information to the chapters, revisiting many of the station to work up their layouts, and drawing about 60 new illustrations. And writing two appendices, and upgrading the Bibliography. All of the 1984 illustrations are retained, and there are new drawings of Bleecker Street, the 14th Street eagles, 18th Streets name panel, and exterior and interior views of Dyckman Street. Station descriptions have been upgraded, though they remain grounded in the stationss 1984 status. This volume is not only a record of what we have, but now virtually an historic document, since several stations have been changed over the past 30 years. Appendix A gives us a look at the Rapid Transit Commissions years of planning and progress (not without their trials and setbacks), and Appendix B examines the terms of the 1899 Contract and its surprises.

Silver Connections
Silver Connections
Silver Connections
Vol III $125.

Volume III covers the IRT stations (1905-1908) in The Bronx; No. 1 train up Broadway to Van Cortlandt Park, and the No. 2 & 5 train route along 149th St., Westchester Ave., Southern Blvd., & Boston Rd. to West Farms/East Tremont Ave. & Bronx Park. Some Bronx history noted; construction progress related. And also : The IRT stations (1908) in Brooklyn; No.s 4 & 5 trains along Fulton St. & then Flatbush Ave. to Atlantic Avenue. Construction related.

Silver Connections
Vol IV $150.

Volume IV recounts the history of the Hudson & Manhattan RR, 1900-1962, and the Port Authority take-over, creating the PATH system, 1962-1998. History of Wm. G. McAdoo, company organization & systems construction, the P.A. take-over, and progress since then, including 1993 terrorist bombing of World Trade Center.